Name  eTM-Score  eRMSD  
Model1:   0.88+-0.123.3+-1.2
Model2:   0.85+-0.113.6+-1.5
Model3:   0.80+-0.154.3+-1.9
Model4:   0.75+-0.146.3+-2.2
Model5:   0.70+-0.176.9+-2.9

TM-score and RMSD are known standards for measuring structural similarity between two structures which are usually used to measure the accuracy of structure modeling when the native structure is known. In case where the native structure is not known, it becomes necessary to predict the quality of the modeling prediction, i.e. what is the distance between the predicted model and the native structures? To answer this question, we tried to calculate the estimated TM-score (eTM-score) and estimated RMSD (eRMSD) of the predicted models relative the native structures based on the convergence parameters of the domain assembly simulations, the quality of the full-length templates for domain assembly, the consistency between the deep learning predicted inter-domain distances/interfaces and that in the assembled model, and the estimated accuracy of the individual domain. eTM-score is typically in the range of [0,1], where a eTM-score of higher value signifies a model with a high confidence and vice-versa.

In a benchmark test set of 356 non-homologous multidoamin proteins, we found that eTM-score and eRMSD are highly correlated with the actual TM-score and RMSD. Correlation coefficient of eTM-score of the predicted model with actual TM-score to the native structure is 0.85, while the coefficient of eRMSD with actual RMSD to the native structure is 0.82. Values reported in Column 2 & 3 are the values of eTM-score and eRMSD, respectively.

(a)The relationship between the actual TM-score and the eTM-Score of the first model generated by DEMO.
(b)The relationship between the actual RMSD and the eRMSD of the first model generated by DEMO.

What is TM-score?
TM-score is a scale for measuring the structural similarity between two structures (see Zhang and Skolnick, Scoring function for automated assessment of protein structure template quality, Proteins, 2004 57: 702-710). The purpose of proposing TM-score is to solve the problem of RMSD which is sensitive to the local error. Because RMSD is an average distance of all residue pairs in two structures, a local error (e.g. a misorientation of the tail) will araise a big RMSD value although the global topology is correct. In TM-score, however, the small distance is weighted stronger than the big distance which makes the score insensitive to the local modeling error. A TM-score >0.5 indicates a model of correct topology and a TM-score <0.17 means a random similarity. These cutoff does not depends on the protein length.

You are requested to cite following articles when you use the DEMO server:
1) Xiaogen Zhou, Chunxiang Peng, Wei Zheng, Yang Li, Guijun Zhang, and Yang Zhang. DEMO2: Multidomain protein structures assembly by coupling structural analogous templates with deep-learning inter-domain restraints, to be submitted.
2) Xiaogen Zhou, Jun Hu, Chengxin Zhang, Guijun Zhang, and Yang Zhang. Assembling multidomain protein structures through analogous global structural alignments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116: 15930-15938 (2019).